Sunday, June 19, 2005

Current TV Announces New Submission Terms


Current TV
Originally uploaded by blackcatmedia.
Current TV, a new cable television station started by Joel Hyatt and Al Gore will soon be announcing the winner of their latest video contest, about the same time and probably with far less fanfare, Current will also release a new licensing agreement to govern all future Viewer Created Content.

Under Current TV's present terms, if you submit a video, you give Current the right to use your piece as they deem fit.
I irrevocably grant Current the non-exclusive, perpetual, royalty-free, fully paid license and right to use and otherwise exploit the Submission, and the title thereof, in whole or in part, in any manner or medium now or hereafter known or devised (including, without limitation, film, television, videocassettes, interactive devices, Internet and on-line systems), throughout the world and in any and all languages, including, without limitation, the right to copy, edit, change, modify, add to, subtract from, re-title and adapt the same and to combine it with other material.

However, these are non-exclusive rights and you're free to try to get the video out through any other avenues that might be available to you. You do, however, still grant Current the "Rights of First Negotiation and Last Refusal" -- basically Current TV has first dibs should you try to go about selling the piece. Additionally, "the most consideration that Current will be required to provide [you] to acquire all available Retained Rights is... the Writer’s Guild of America minimum scale payment for five minute single news program script (currently $1,237)."

Under these old terms, you could still take your video (that you submitted to Current) and put it on your vlog, or submit your piece in an unrelated online film festival.

Well, that's all in the past now. Under the new new licensing agreement, by uploading a video to Current TV, you can't do anything with it for six months three months. Even if Current TV doesn't want to put your piece on television, you are contractually forbidden from putting the video on your videoblog, and from trying to get it out through almost any other avenue besides Current. In the event that Current TV decides they want to air your video, it is my understanding that they would obtain all rights to the piece in perpetuity; you would be compensated for your work according to Current's new incremental pay-scale.

Current TV Pay Scale

With this latest announcement, Current TV, a television station that promises to "democratize television," seems to be falling short of it's stated goal. While everyone that I've talked to at Current seems to really get the personal media revolution, this development runs against everything the network should be doing. If the network is really about helping young voices to be heard, then Current should be embracing the growing movement of videobloggers and encourage participants to put their submission videos up on their videoblogs. The videobloggers would, in turn, put a link to Current TV on their blog entry and this would help drive more content to Current's site.

JD Lasica, the author of Darknet, and the co-founder of ourmedia feels that Current's decision to pursue the new licensing terms "will seriously undercut the quality of the material that people make available to Current." He describes Current's new terms as "a holdover mindset from big media, where six-month exclusivity contracts are common. No doubt some percentage of users will consent to the restrictions, while others will say, No way."

While trying to figure out what prompted Current to pursue these new terms, I came across this interesting article about Current TV's Head-Of-Programming David Neuman regarding his days at the Digital Entertainment Network.
I pointed out that this much original content would be very expensive, and suggested that one thing kids (and other Internet users) sometimes like is to be given recommendations about other useful and interesting Web sites. Neuman cut me off with a laugh and condescending sweep of his little hand.

"I don't think we need to be sending people away from our site! I don't think that's how we make money!" ("No! Definitely not!" said the chorus, laughing with him at my stupidity.) "Look, as soon as we're as big as Macy's, then we'll tell people how to get to Gimble's! I'm concentrating on getting as big as Macy's!"

Just as this is simply not how the web works, the industry approved 6 month exclusivity option is not how new media will prove to work either. While I still have very high hopes for Current, it's dawned on me that some people at Current TV only wants to democratize televison as long as they can have a monopoly on democracy...

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Note: I am the volunteer organizer for The San Francisco Current TV Meetup Group and obtained this information through a conference call with Current TV and the other meetup organizers. I was never instructed not to share any of the information that's contained in this blog entry and thus feel that it's acceptable for me to share and comment upon this information in my blog.

22 Comments:

At 12:57 AM, Blogger bloodshot and half-blind said...

yeah - we had high hopes for the network, in the beginning, as well. but after they had a bit of a shake up within the company & pretty much dumped everyones initial submissions for the digital correspondant positions, i get the feeling that theyre becomming a little shady.

we sent them a couple of pieces recently, but rewrote the contract. thus, not granting them all the rights they expected. this falls within the bounds of business law. they can either agree to our terms and use our video, or they can chose not to & chuck it. either way, whats ours is ours & they cant do whatever the hell they want with it, without our consent. i realize this means they probably will never want to work with us. but id rather not work with a company that doesnt respect our desires, or all the hard work we put into our submissions.

i feel like, because we are all "amateurs", they are trying to take advantage of us & think we'll be satisfied with a few bucks & the idea of being on tv...

 
At 6:36 PM, Blogger scott l f tygett said...

I like the idea of the sliding scale. That's clever, and a bit of an innovation.

The thing I liked about the original current.tv contract was they said that they would pay if they used anything. That was how I read the contract, horrible preamble aside, though horrible preambles have to be taken seriously.

"Tripping the Rift" was a cute idea for a cartoon parodying "Star Wars" and the rights for the original cartoon are gone, I think, but they've just made something like a dozen half-hours of new TTR's. So, it's like just one episode of "I Love Lucy" is running in cyberspace - vitameatavegimin - and that's on all the online sites. And it's a free ad for the show, which is running 24/7 throughout the galaxy by now.

If you know of a good links page of other internet content buyers -- swf's or mov's -- please do share.

It's a rude agreement to take 3 months' free content, and nothing that the National Writers Union would smile at, but if you like current.tv's mission/story/marketshare enough to submit stuff to them risking feeling terrible about it in December, that's probably all you've lost.

 
At 7:29 PM, Blogger scott l f tygett said...

The last comment of mine about if content were previewed/premiered/auditioned online for three months for the 08-38 who don't watch TV, and was never compensated; I just realized that that may not be what current.tv intends at all. So, if it's what's imminent, yes, tacky. But if not, my apologies.

 
At 8:18 AM, Blogger Verdi said...

Josh, I don't know why you still bother with them. They clearly don't get it. They stopped getting it about the time Numan came on board. This is just regualar TV trying to co-opt the air of citized made media and repackage it for the MTV crowd. Same old shit.

 
At 12:55 PM, Anonymous Alessandro Rosetti said...

which fack thing is happening here? nobody works around as chicken with the witness excluded if they do not have the some idea where head is to the hole in the basket has gone.

 
At 7:14 AM, Blogger R said...

Yes, I agree with Alessadro, whatever it means. Free the media! Thanks for sharing the info, Josh.

 
At 5:11 AM, Blogger Chuck Olsen said...

i've been wondering where the hole in basket has gone, too.

anyway -- very stupid move for Current. most of my content *originates* on my videoblog these days, it's my creative pool from which things evolve. me and my videoblog? we're a package deal.

 
At 7:30 PM, Anonymous Eli Chapman said...

The amazing thing is that Current probably spent more money and had more meetings about their incremental pay scale's graphic design then they did for their submission terms. (Even if I'm wrong, there has never been a well-funded well-intentioned organization that has so diligently step-by-step ruined their chances of success and destroyed goodwill among their prospective partners and audience.)

 
At 10:39 AM, Blogger ~ FluxRostrum said...

Yes, they appear to be just another ... GAP ...co-opting revolution for profit while watering down the revolutionary beers ... like the Progressive Democrats for America.. Their New Deal & their determination to break new ground with "standard" fare is enough for to write them off.

... re-edit, retitle.. my soul's worth more than $250

 
At 8:15 AM, Blogger Ian said...

I still have hope for Current. Check out the somewhat new video they put up, with opinion about the London attacks, and you will see that Current is NOT just another GAP. The video shows that they're willing to post fresh controversial videos, that even end with fuck.
I think everyone should wait till August 1st to judge them. I still have hope for Current.

 
At 4:10 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

The content and format of this channel is SHIT !! Thet won't be around after a month unless someone has deep pockets to subsidize this drivel. Don't worry about the nuances of their contracts.

 
At 12:26 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Make no mistake; China's AIDS epidemic is growing.

Ms. Muslema Khan Bulon
AIDS researcher
bulon@email.com

AIDS cases were first identified in 1981,in the United States. Researchers have traced cases back to 1959. There are millions of diagnosed cases worldwide, but there is no cure. There are about thirty million people in the world who are currently infected with HIV. China is the world largest population country in the world. Potentiality, manpower & security were able to attract world famous investor. Many foreign investor, invest in here. So China plays an important role in the world markets.

By the way, AIDS epidemic is knocking the door. UNAIDS, WHO and Government, the study estimated that 650,000 people have HIV/AIDS in China, down from the government's 2003 estimate of 840,000 cases. The revision is due mainly to the earlier study's overestimation of the number of people infected through blood-buying schemes, said Deputy Health Minister Wang Longde.

The HIV/AIDS programme specialist Mr. Mohammad Khairul Alam said, “several social norms and immature behavior fueled of this disease to scatter rapidly. There are several social components link to develop this harmful situation. Poverty-behind to force it, Gender discrimination plays a vital role; Frustration & risk behavior help to sink humanity resulting infection. The link between poverty & gender discrimination are help to decline socio economic prosperity. This link creates several anti social poisonous issues also. Such as trafficking to prostitute, sell sex for earn or living, break down family norm to create frustration and driven drug point. We notice easily that Illiteracy is the main watchword of all circumstance. So it is not easy to remove it from the society, several programs & strategy are needed to gain sustainable position”.

UN officials said the new figure is more accurate than past estimates in part because more surveillance sites have been set up during the last two years. The figure is within an estimated range of 540,000-760,000 HIV/AIDS cases, UN officials said.

Of the 25,000 people who died of AIDS in China last year, 10,000 acquired their infections through blood-buying schemes, said the Health Ministry. The high mortality comes despite estimates that those infected through blood-buying, mostly poor farmers, comprise a small proportion of total AIDS cases in China.

"Make no mistake, China's AIDS epidemic is growing," said Hank Bekedam, WHO's chief China representative. "With an estimated 70,000 new infections in 2005, the epidemic here shows no signs of abating." "The new numbers should not mask the fact that HIV infections are on the rise. we fear the number of new infections this year will be even higher and this trend could continue in the future," Bekedam said.

The Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation identified four major approaches in a groundbreaking study on spread out HIV in Asia. This study undertook by comparing of social-economic norm, family pattern, economic dependency, cause of mounting sex industries, gender discrimination status & global analysis fact. There are four factors that appear to play a crucial role in HIV transmission in Asian Countries: Injection/ intravenous drug use (By sharing needle), female sex work (Due to lack of safe sex knowledge), gender discrimination (which indirectly force females commercial or non-commercial sex), Same sex/ homosexually/ Hizra (Due to lack of HIV/AIDS information, because they act invisible in this society). Poverty & illiteracy fueled it proportionally.

About half the 70,000 new infections were sexually transmitted, while most others were acquired through intravenous drug use, the study said. The number of sexually transmitted cases exceeded the number of cases through IDU, worrying officials that the epidemic has moved into the general populace, and it has killed many people. So people need to be more aware and protect themselves so they don't become another statistic, because HIV and AIDS are serious, deadly, and they will be with us for a long time. There will not be a cure found anytime soon, but hopefully there will be a cure found. We have to think AIDS couldn’t backward the present development in China.

References: Agence France Presse, Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation.

 
At 3:21 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

-AIDS is spreading alarmingly in India-

-Ms. Mahmuda Begum-
-Health & Nutrition Researcher-
-Mahmuda.Dhaka@gmail.com-

India is the country with second largest population of HIV-infected individuals. First case of HIV was detected in 1986 in Chennai. Current estimates of HIV infection among the adults between the age 15-49 years is 0.7 %. HIV is increasingly being diagnosed among the housewives and pregnant women and not among the high-risk groups.

AIDS researcher Mr. Mohammad Khairul Alam said, “HIV/AIDS is a three dimensional disease. It spreads out by three major causes:- such as unconscious or unsafe sexuality, blood exchange(needle) /transfusion for patients, infected mother to child. HIV/AIDS direct by impact on the human body - it paralyze the physical condition, psychological morbidity and destroy social value. It also wipes out three things, such as it affects adults in their productive prime, severely hampers economic growth of person, and hampers his family, at last by rotation it destroys country’s progress. Every one can protect it by avoiding risk behavioral sex (multi-partner sex, unsafe sex practice etc), by avoiding injectable drug (needle sharing is a burning cause of it), by avoiding getting blood without test. Nation wide programme is also needed to take three major strategies:- top to bottom awareness programme of HIV/AIDS, gender discrimination programme to ensure girls and women rights, poverty reduction programme”.

India is experiencing rapid and extensive spread of HIV. This is particularly worrisome since India is home to a population of over 900 million. As a single nation it has more people than the continents of Africa, Australia and Latin America combined. There are an estimated 5.1 million people infected with HIV in India today, and 70,000 to 100,000 cases of AIDS may have already occurred in the country. The Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation identified four major approaches in a groundbreaking study on spread out HIV in Asia. This study undertook by comparing of social-economic norm, family pattern, economic dependency, cause of mounting sex industries, gender discrimination status & global analysis fact. There are four factors that appear to play a crucial role in HIV transmission in Asian countries: Injection/ intravenous drug use (By sharing needle), female sex work (Due to lack of safe sex knowledge), gender discrimination (which indirectly force females commercial or non-commercial sex), Same sex/ homosexually/ Hijara (Due to lack of HIV/AIDS information, because they act invisible in this society). Poverty & illiteracy fueled it proportionally.

HIV prevalence among drug users in India indicates a differential epidemic characterized by unacceptably high levels in certain areas (Manipur with a reported HIV prevalence of 80 per cent), high prevalence rates (above 5 per cent) in many cities of India with a concentrated IDU population (Chennai, Mumbai, New Delhi), and low level prevalence in certain areas like Calcutta (<2% HIV seroprevalence for the past seven years). In some areas of India, the population segments at risk for drug use and high-risk sex overlap. In Manipur, the transmission of the HIV virus from injecting drug users (IDUs) to their spouses has been established, and a study found that 45 per cent of the wives of HIV-infected IDUs were also HIV-positive.

The most rapid and well-documented spread of HIV has occurred in Bombay and the State of Tamil Nadu. In Bombay HIV prevalence has reached the level of 50 percent in sex workers, 36 percent in STD patients and 2.5 percent in women attending antenatal clinics. Certain regions, such as eastern India (Calcutta area) and northern India (New Delhi region), still show a lower prevalence of HIV (1 to 2 percent) among sex workers.

HIV is rapidly spreading to rural areas through migrant workers and truck drivers. Surveys show that 7 to 10 percent of some truck drivers in the country are infected with HIV. An estimated 1 to 2 million cases of tuberculosis occurs in India every year. In Bombay 10 percent of the patients presenting with tuberculosis are HIV-positive. Tuberculosis is the presenting symptom of AIDS in over 60 percent of AIDS cases.

Contrary to traditional belief, sexually transmitted diseases and sex with multiple partners are common in the country, both in urban and rural areas. An estimated 3 to 4 percent of some rural populations have a sexually transmitted disease. Injecting drug use is a problem in Manipur, which is in the North East region, where 55 percent of drug users are HIV-infected and 1 percent of women attending antenatal clinics are infected with HIV.

References: Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation, UNAIDS

 
At 2:12 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

HIV/AIDS Situation in India

Ms. Muslema Khan Bulon
AIDS Researcher
bulon@email.com


HIV/AIDS is now spreading alarmingly in India. During 2002 the number of people infected rose to 4.58 million, up from 3.97 million in 2001 and 2005 is rise 5.1 million. In the last 5 years the infection rate among the commercial sex workers of Mumbai has increased from 1% to 51 %. States in India - Maharashtra, Tamil Naidu, Karnataka, Andhra Pardesh, Manipur and Nagaland have infection rates greater than 1%. The ‘Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation’ identified four major approaches in a groundbreaking study on spread out HIV in Asia. This study undertook by comparing of social-economic norm, family pattern, economic dependency, cause of mounting sex industries, gender discrimination status & global analysis fact. There are four factors that appear to play a crucial role in HIV transmission in Asian countries: Injection/ intravenous drug use (By sharing needle), female sex work (Due to lack of safe sex knowledge), gender discrimination (which indirectly force females commercial or non-commercial sex), Same sex/ homosexually/ Hizra (Due to lack of HIV/AIDS information, because they act invisible in this society). Poverty & illiteracy fueled it proportionally.

The spread from the high-risk behavior groups to the general populace is another key indicator that HIV/AIDs in India has reached epidemic proportions. The disease is no longer confined to high-risk behavior groups such as intravenous drug users and female sex workers and their clients. The clients, particularly married males, act as the bridge groups, aiding and abetting the spread of HIV/AIDS into the general population in India.
Both married and unmarried men visiting sex workers fuel this epidemic. Assessing the trends in high-risk groups, the study notes that testing for infection at sexually transmitted diseases [STD] clinics has revealed an alarming situation in many states. Even in Kerala, which is not considered a high prevalence state, more than two out of 100 STD patients tested positive for HIV.

In some states, this figure was more than one in 10, and in a high-prevalence state like Andhra Pradesh, it was very high --- three in 10. The study observes that up to 50 percent of sex workers in sentinel sites are HIV positive. This is particularly alarming considering that only about 57 percent of clients of female sex workers reported consistent condom use as per the Behavioural Surveillance Survey 2001.

The HIV/AIDS programme specialist Mr. Mohammad Khairul Alam said, “several social norms and immature behavior fueled of this disease to scatter rapidly. There are several social components link to develop this harmful situation. Poverty-behind to force it, Gender discrimination plays a vital role; Frustration & risk behavior help to sink humanity resulting infection. The link between poverty & gender discrimination are help to decline socio economic prosperity. This link creates several anti social poisonous issues also. Such as trafficking to prostitute, sell sex for earn or living, break down family norm to create frustration and driven drug point. We notice easily that Illiteracy is the main watchword of all circumstance. So it is not easy to remove it from the society, several programs & strategy are needed to gain sustainable position”.

A Rapid Assessment Survey (RSA) of drug users in 14 cities collected and collated street-based information on drug use and drug-related HIV. In-depth thematic studies of drug use in the border areas, female drug users, drug use in rural areas and patterns of drug use in prison populations were also launched. A National Household Survey having a sample size of over 40,000 males in the 12-60 age group, documenting the extent, patterns and trends of drug use in India was a major part of the research collaboration.

RSAs conducted in Jamshedpur, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Shillong, Dimapur, Thiruvanthapuram, Goa, Ahmedabad, Imphal, Chennai, Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata indicate that 43 per cent of clients interviewed had injected at some point. Needle sharing was reported by 53-85 per cent of injectors. Non-cleaning of needles/syringes was common and knowledge of modes of HIV/AIDS transmission was limited. Consequently, risk-perception of HIV was low. Significantly, women drug users also reported injecting drug use. Clearly, there is need to extend interventions and prevention activities into areas other than the north-eastern states and particularly the metropolitan cities of India where injecting drug use is a problem. There are over 100,000 estimated injecting drug users in India outside of the north-eastern part of the country.

References: Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation, UNAIDS

 
At 4:01 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

-AIDS is spreading alarmingly in India-

-Ms. Mahmuda Begum-
-Health & Nutrition Researcher-
-Mahmuda.Dhaka@gmail.com-

India is the country with second largest population of HIV-infected individuals. First case of HIV was detected in 1986 in Chennai. Current estimates of HIV infection among the adults between the age 15-49 years is 0.7 %. HIV is increasingly being diagnosed among the housewives and pregnant women and not among the high-risk groups.

AIDS researcher Mr. Mohammad Khairul Alam said, “HIV/AIDS is a three dimensional disease. It spreads out by three major causes:- such as unconscious or unsafe sexuality, blood exchange(needle) /transfusion for patients, infected mother to child. HIV/AIDS direct by impact on the human body - it paralyze the physical condition, psychological morbidity and destroy social value. It also wipes out three things, such as it affects adults in their productive prime, severely hampers economic growth of person, and hampers his family, at last by rotation it destroys country’s progress. Every one can protect it by avoiding risk behavioral sex (multi-partner sex, unsafe sex practice etc), by avoiding injectable drug (needle sharing is a burning cause of it), by avoiding getting blood without test. Nation wide programme is also needed to take three major strategies:- top to bottom awareness programme of HIV/AIDS, gender discrimination programme to ensure girls and women rights, poverty reduction programme”.

India is experiencing rapid and extensive spread of HIV. This is particularly worrisome since India is home to a population of over 900 million. As a single nation it has more people than the continents of Africa, Australia and Latin America combined. There are an estimated 5.1 million people infected with HIV in India today, and 70,000 to 100,000 cases of AIDS may have already occurred in the country. The Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation identified four major approaches in a groundbreaking study on spread out HIV in Asia. This study undertook by comparing of social-economic norm, family pattern, economic dependency, cause of mounting sex industries, gender discrimination status & global analysis fact. There are four factors that appear to play a crucial role in HIV transmission in Asian countries: Injection/ intravenous drug use (By sharing needle), female sex work (Due to lack of safe sex knowledge), gender discrimination (which indirectly force females commercial or non-commercial sex), Same sex/ homosexually/ Hijara (Due to lack of HIV/AIDS information, because they act invisible in this society). Poverty & illiteracy fueled it proportionally.

HIV prevalence among drug users in India indicates a differential epidemic characterized by unacceptably high levels in certain areas (Manipur with a reported HIV prevalence of 80 per cent), high prevalence rates (above 5 per cent) in many cities of India with a concentrated IDU population (Chennai, Mumbai, New Delhi), and low level prevalence in certain areas like Calcutta (<2% HIV seroprevalence for the past seven years). In some areas of India, the population segments at risk for drug use and high-risk sex overlap. In Manipur, the transmission of the HIV virus from injecting drug users (IDUs) to their spouses has been established, and a study found that 45 per cent of the wives of HIV-infected IDUs were also HIV-positive.

The most rapid and well-documented spread of HIV has occurred in Bombay and the State of Tamil Nadu. In Bombay HIV prevalence has reached the level of 50 percent in sex workers, 36 percent in STD patients and 2.5 percent in women attending antenatal clinics. Certain regions, such as eastern India (Calcutta area) and northern India (New Delhi region), still show a lower prevalence of HIV (1 to 2 percent) among sex workers.

HIV is rapidly spreading to rural areas through migrant workers and truck drivers. Surveys show that 7 to 10 percent of some truck drivers in the country are infected with HIV. An estimated 1 to 2 million cases of tuberculosis occurs in India every year. In Bombay 10 percent of the patients presenting with tuberculosis are HIV-positive. Tuberculosis is the presenting symptom of AIDS in over 60 percent of AIDS cases.

Contrary to traditional belief, sexually transmitted diseases and sex with multiple partners are common in the country, both in urban and rural areas. An estimated 3 to 4 percent of some rural populations have a sexually transmitted disease. Injecting drug use is a problem in Manipur, which is in the North East region, where 55 percent of drug users are HIV-infected and 1 percent of women attending antenatal clinics are infected with HIV.

References: Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation, UNAIDS

 
At 1:49 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

-Young girls are particularly vulnerable of HIV/AIDS-

-Md. Ismail Hossain-
-Assistant Director-
-Bangladesh Bank-
-banglaplus@yahoo.com-


IT is thought that teen age is a period of multiple, rapid, and profound changes and transitions. Such concerns are particularly important for adolescent girls: Adolescent girls today are much more oppressed. They are coming of age in a more dangerous, sexualised, and media-saturated culture. They face incredible pressures to be beautiful and sophisticated, by chemicals which mean to encourage them to be sexual. As they navigate a more dangerous world, girls are less protected.

Women are geographically more vulnerable than men to HIV infection.
"Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation" has found that male to female transmission appears to be 2 to 4 times more efficient than female to male transmission, because semen contains a far higher concentration of HIV than vaginal fluid.

Young girls are particularly vulnerable. Their immature cervixes and low vaginal mucus production presents less of a barrier to HIV.

The economic condition, gender discrimination, social and physical power imbalance between men and women contribute to the lack of safe sexual relationships and the difficulty for many women in negotiating safer sex. To do so many have serious repercussions, ranging from stigma to fear of violence or abandonment.

Several HIV researchers and social workers have seen that preventing the spread of the HIV epidemic and protecting the most vulnerable are deeply linked to gender issues. These issues are surrounded in exact socio-cultural practice and histories that translate complex right relations between women and men. The nature of these relationships decides women's and men's ability to protect themselves from infection and affect their ability to manage with its impact. The ultimate goal is to empower men and women to make informed and enabling decisions about their lives and those of their families.

Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation found extremely high levels of infections among adolescent girls, which are higher than those for boys.

This is mainly because of the fact that at young age, boys have sex with girls of similar age, while girls have relations with older men, who are more likely to be infected. Sexual harassment of schoolgirls by older men sometime may be the cause of HIV infection. Poverty also drives many adolescent girls to accept relationships with 'sugar daddies' (older men who are prepared to give money, goods or favors in return for sex).

Across the world, there has been a changing pattern of male/female infections. Early cases in many countries were concentrated in male homosexuals and intravenous drug users. But as the epidemic has spread there has been a progressive shift towards heterosexual transmission and increasing infection rates in females. The reality today is that, globally, more women than men are now dying of HIV/AIDS, and the age patterns of infection are significantly different for the two sexes.
Gender analysis is crucial to understanding HIV/AIDS transmission and initiating appropriate programmes of action. Key to this is an understanding of the socially constructed aspects of male-female relations that underpin individual behavior, as well as the gender-based rules, norms and laws governing the broader social and institutional context.

Gender analysis forms the basis for the changes required to create an environment in which women and men can protect themselves and each other.

Training and education in its broadest sense, both formal and non-formal, whether geared towards the acquisition of life skills or formal knowledge, has a major role to play in changing attitudes and behaviors that sustain vulnerability to the disease and put adolescent girls, young and adult women at risk of infection. Education systems and development programmes with an educational objective must acknowledge this responsibility and act accordingly.

 
At 12:01 AM, Blogger blog8181 said...

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At 3:19 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

AIDS is a three dimensional disease


- Al-Haz Dr. M. A. Matin -
- Principal Section Officer -
- Institute of Social welfare and Research -
- Dhaka University -
- motin.dhaka@gmail.com -




After Twenty years, the first clinical evidence of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) was reported, AIDS has become the most harmful disease humankind has ever faced. Since the start of the epidemic, more than 60 million people have been infected with the HIV. Some worst effected region of sub-Saharan Africa where HIV/AIDS is now the leading cause of death.

The environmental closeness of Bangladesh to Myanmar and consequently, the Golden Triangle drug trail has made it a major transit route for drug smuggling and its easy availability in the area. However, the transmission route of HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh is no longer confined to the IDUs but spreads further to the female sexual partners of IDUs and their children. This is not surprising as women are mostly vulnerable to HIV infection and other sexually transmissible diseases because of geographical and socio-cultural factors including economic, educational and legal discrimination and unequal gender relations.

Women are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS. Biology and gender inequality conspire to drive the spread of the disease, and forces women to bear the brunt of the social and economic costs. Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation have found that male to female transmission appears to be 2 to 4 times more efficient than female to male transmission, because semen contains a far higher concentration of HIV than vaginal fluid. Young girls are particularly vulnerable. Their immature cervixes and low vaginal mucus production presents less of a barrier to HIV, all of which have been seen in many settings to be contributing factors to the rapid spread of HIV.

People with AIDS are mainly prone to developing various cancers, particularly those caused by viruses such as Kaposis sarcoma and cervical cancer, or cancers of the immune system known as lymphomas. These cancers are usually more harmful and difficult to treat in people with AIDS. Signs of Kaposis sarcoma in light-skinned people are round brown, reddish, or purple spots that develop in the skin or in the mouth. In dark-skinned people, the spots are more pigmented.

Children with AIDS may get the same opportunistic infections, as do adults with the disease. In addition, they also have severe forms of the bacterial infections all children may get, such as conjunctivitis (pink eye), ear infections, and tonsillitis.

In children younger than 13 years, the definition of AIDS is similar to that of adolescents and adults, except that lymphoid interstitial pneumonitis and recurrent bacterial infections are included in the list of AIDS-defining conditions.

In many developing countries, where diagnostic facilities may be minimal, epidemiologists employ a case definition based on the presence of various clinical symptoms associated with immune deficiency and the exclusion of other known causes of immunosuppression, such as cancer or malnutrition.

Many people are so debilitated by the symptoms of AIDS that they cannot hold steady employment nor do household chores. A small number of people first infected with HIV 10 or more years ago have not developed symptoms of AIDS.

AIDS researcher Mr. Mohammad Khairul Alam said, HIV/AIDS is a three dimensional disease. It spreads out by three major causes:- such as unconscious or unsafe sexuality, blood exchange(needle) /transfusion for patients, infected mother to child. HIV/AIDS direct by impact on the human body - it paralyzes the physical condition, psychological morbidity and destroys social value. It also wipes out three things, such as it affects adults in their productive prime, severely hampers economic growth of person, and hampers his family, at last by rotation it destroys countrys progress. Every one can protect it by avoiding risk behavioral sex (multi-partner sex, unsafe sex practice etc), by avoiding injectable drug (needle sharing is a burning cause of it), by avoiding getting blood without test. Nation wide programme is also needed to take three major strategies: - top to bottom awareness programme of HIV/AIDS, gender discrimination programme to ensure girls and women rights, poverty reduction programme.

References: Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation, UNAIDS

 
At 11:10 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Bangladesh: High Risk Environments Fuel the HIV/AIDS Epidemic


Md. Shakib Hassan
Advocacy Officer
Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation
sakib_hasan@walla.com


HIV/AIDS challenges the scientific and medical community along with economists with its individuality of devastating human immunity system, in this manner allowing opportunistic diseases to dominate and derange the affected, and deprive the family with its earning capacity and threaten them in the society. It is not only a public health issue but also one which is beginning to affect the dynamics of social, cultural, economic and developmental pace of the society we live in.

The environmental closeness of Bangladesh to Myanmar and consequently, the Golden Triangle drug trail has made it a major transit route for drug smuggling and its easy availability in the area. However, the transmission route of HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh is no longer confined to the IDUs but spreads further to the female sexual partners of IDUs and their children. This is not surprising as women are mostly vulnerable to HIV infection and other sexually transmissible diseases because of geographical and socio-cultural factors including economic, educational and legal discrimination and unequal gender relations.

Recently, 'Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation' has focused mostly on three types of work on HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh -- community mobilisation for prevention through promotion of fidelity, condom-use and abstinence; advocacy on access to affordable treatments, targeted at medicine producers and international donor organisations; and work to ensure 'mainstream' support to AIDS-affected individuals and communities for integration on poverty mitigation work. HIV/AIDS has good relation with poverty and gender inequality. Without decline in gender discrimination and poverty, all efforts to prevent HIV/AIDS or sustainable development in this sector will fail.

People with AIDS are mainly prone to developing various cancers, particularly those caused by viruses such as Kaposis sarcoma and cervical cancer, or cancers of the immune system known as lymphomas.

These cancers are usually more harmful and difficult to treat in people with AIDS. Signs of Kaposis sarcoma in light-skinned people are round brown, reddish, or purple spots that develop in the skin or in the mouth. In dark-skinned people, the spots are more pigmented.

Children with AIDS may get the same opportunistic infections, as do adults with the disease. In addition, they also have severe forms of the bacterial infections that all children may get, such as conjunctivitis (pink eye), ear infections, and tonsillitis.
In children younger than 13 years, the definition of AIDS is similar to that of adolescents and adults, except that lymphoid interstitial pneumonitis and recurrent bacterial infections are included in the list of AIDS-defining conditions.

In many developing countries, where diagnostic facilities may be minimal, epidemiologists employ a case definition based on the presence of various clinical symptoms associated with immune deficiency and the exclusion of other known causes of immuno-suppression, such as cancer or malnutrition.

Many people are so debilitated by the symptoms of AIDS that they cannot hold steady employment or do household chores. A small number of people first infected with HIV 10 or more years ago have not developed symptoms of AIDS.

According to AIDS researcher Mr. Mohammad Khairul Alam, "HIV/AIDS is a three dimensional disease. It spreads out by three major causes such as unconscious or unsafe sexuality, blood exchange(needle) /transfusion for patients, infected mother to child. HIV/AIDS through its direct impact on the human body it paralyses the physical condition, psychological morbidity and destroys social value. It also wipe out three things, such as it affects adults in their productive prime period, severely hampers economic growth of person, and hampers his family, at last by rotation; and, thus, it causes severe set backs to the nation's effects for progress. Everyone can protect it by avoiding risk behavioural sex (multi-partner sex, unsafe sex practice etc), by avoiding injectable drug (needle sharing is a burning cause of it), by avoiding getting blood without test." Nationwide programme is needed to take three major strategies. These include: top to bottom awareness programme of HIV/AIDS, gender discrimination programme to ensure girls and women rights, poverty reduction programme.

References: Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation, UNAIDS, ICW

 
At 5:06 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

The scenario of AIDS and Bangladesh

Mohammad Khairul Alam
Executive Director
“Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation”
24/3 M. C. Roy Lane
Dhaka-1211, Bangladesh
Tel: 88028628908,
rainbowngo@gmail.com
www.plusbangla.com


Although Bangladesh continues to be a low prevalence area, it is surrounded by high prevalence countries (High prevalence of HIV/AIDS in neighboring India). We however must not adopt a complacent attitude in respect as our country has all the determinants for an explosive outbreak of HIV/AIDS epidemic. Curses of poverty, illiteracy, ignorance, proximity of Bangladesh to the so-called 'Golden Triangle' & high prevalence of STDs, make our country seriously vulnerable. Drug use increases the HIV risk and can start very early-for example, glue-sniffing by youngsters living or working on the streets. The danger of becoming infected with HIV by sharing injecting equipment is well known, and real. Unemployment, slum housing, family fragility, frequent cross-border movement of people, lack of information, unsafe blood transfusion, physical and sexual abuse-that create a "risk environment" of violence for many young people in the region. In addition increased number of migrant workers, unsafe practice in health service, unsafe sex practice etc. movement of population, less use of condom, polygamy, homosexuality, extra-marital relations, further increases the susceptibility.

In Bangladesh, the intravenous drug users (IDU) are the most potential carriers of HIV/AIDS among the vulnerable groups in the country. Bangladesh has no official data on drug users. By the way, according to CARE estimates, there are more than 5,000 intravenous drug users and at least 18,000 heroin users in the capital, Dhaka, alone. The fourth round of national HIV and behavioral surveillance report showed that the HIV infection rate among the injection drug users (IDUs) is now 4 per cent, up from 2.5 per cent previously which is just short of the 5 per cent mark of a concentrated epidemic. About 93.4 per cent IDUs in central Bangladesh admitted that they share same syringe while taking drugs. Even they use the same syringe several times for taking drug.

Although HIV rates are comparatively lower (one per cent) among the sex workers but Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) rates are still quite high (20 per cent) among this group. On the other hand, brothel-based female sex workers in Bangladesh report the highest turnover of clients than anywhere in Asia (an average of 18.8 clients per week).

Meanwhile, most of the people of country are unaware about the deadly disease. The 1999-2000 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey found that only 31 per cent of married women and 50 per cent of newly married men had heard of AIDS. Over 90 per cent of rickshaw pullers could not identify a single method of HIV prevention.

According to the National AIDS Committee and surveillance team members and experts, the rate is quite alarming as it remains one per cent less than the highest five per cent HIV epidemic index. The rate of HIV/AIDS remains less than one per cent among the other vulnerable groups -- truckers, migrant workers, gay, hijras (hermaphrodites), professional blood donors, heroin smokers and, hotel, brothel and street based commercial sex workers.

About 13,000 to 17,000 people are living with the incurable virus in Bangladesh, according to the UNAIDS report 2001. Bangladesh is bordered with India, the second largest HIV infected country in the world; the country is therefore at high risk for the HIV epidemic, said Morten Giersing, UNICEF's country representative.

References: Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation, UNAIDS, World Bank

 
At 2:13 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

The issue of AIDS in India: Sex Workers and Truck Drivers are playing a vital roles, Bangladesh is just endeavor


Mohammad Khairul Alam
Executive Director
Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation
Rainbowngo@gmail.com
Phone: 880-2-8628908
Mobile: 01711344997


AIDS has become a global crisis. As of the end of 2005, an estimated 42 million people worldwide - 38 million adults and about 3 million children younger than 15 years - were living with HIV/AIDS. Approximately two-thirds of these people live in Sub-Saharan Africa; another 18 percent live in Asia and the Pacific. The pandemic kills millions, destroys families and communities and renders millions of children parentless. It threatens the social and economic fabric of many nations.

It is generally accepted that truck drivers have been and continue to be a main force in the spread of HIV to epidemic proportions. Truck driver’s work long hours on the road and often spend several days in one place clearing customs or resolving mechanical problems. Seeking entertainment, they turn to sex with women or girls in the prostitution or floating sex workers who are at high risk of being HIV/AID positive and transmitting HIV to the drivers. As a result, the drivers have high rates of HIV. Their highly mobile lifestyle requires a lot of travel. In other stopover town locations they visit other commercial male/female sex workers thereby potentially transmitting the virus. In addition, many of the truck drivers are married and also have girlfriends (commercial sex partner) who are likely to become infected with HIV and become a pool in their local communities.

Truck drivers and commercial sex workers constitute core transmitter populations of HIV/AIDS throughout India. The sexual interactions between these particular groups are conducive to rapid population-wide HIV/AIDS transmission. Other evidence supports the view HIV was introduced to Indian populations with pre-existing patterns of sexual behavior that have long been susceptible to high STI/STDs rates.

Sexual encounters between truck drivers and commercial sex workers are the basis of transmission of HIV in India. While, almost all truck drivers (98%) have heard of HIV/AIDS. The extent of knowledge about specific aspects of HIV/AIDS was less consistent. Correct knowledge of transmission by sexual contact was found in two-third (Bombay). Several studies have attempted to elucidate the percentage of truck drivers who actually do have sex with Commercial sex workers (CSWs) and if so, how often they do. 80% of the truck drivers are frequenting CSW.

Commercial sex workers (CSWs) have sex with different populations of men depending on their class. Some of the CSWs contacts were with regular partners. CSWs tend to be a highly mobile population and one of the main factors placing CSWs in high-risk categories is that they have multiple partners. Usage of condoms is still low among the truck driver population; however, it seems to be increasing. Ever usage of condoms seems to range between 25 and 60 percent. Knowledge surrounding condom use seems to be uneven. 90% of the truck drivers know condoms prevent transmission of HIV, many drivers were not aware of the proper storage techniques nor proper usage.

The classification of the partners of truck drivers is complex and not standardized across studies nor, at times, within studies. Distinguishing between a casual and regular partner is often ambiguous. Many truck drivers report that they have had large numbers of sexual partners. About one-third of the drivers reported more than 50 lifetime partners. The number of partners in the recent past indicates a driver’s current sexual behavior trend.

A recent survey in Bangladeshi track drivers conduct by Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation, found that 80% track driver in Bangladesh have no clear concept of HIV or AIDS. But 90% respond it is a deadly disease. India is the second largest HIV/AIDS infected country in the world, more then 5.2 million people are living with AIDS or HIV. India is a neighboring country of Bangladesh, every day many people cross border movement take place both officially and also illegally. Due to reason of that great chance to spread out HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh.


Reference: UNAIDS, UNICEF, World Bank

 
At 1:07 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Adolescent Girls, be careful of AIDS!


Mohammad Khairul Alam
Executive Director
Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation
24/3 M. C. Roy Lane
Dhaka- 1211
Bangladesh
Tel: 88028628908
Mobile: 01711344997
rainbowngo@gmail.com


Adolescent girls are especially vulnerable to HIV infection because of biological, cultural and economic factors. They are sexually mature and active at younger age. In some of the poor countries in world, girls, aged 15 to 19, are infected at rates as much as seven times higher than boys; in some regions, girls are infected at twice the rate. The disproportionate impact is related to widespread sexual abuse and gender discrimination against girls, making it extremely difficult for them to protect themselves. Females are also biologically more vulnerable to HIV/STIs transmission because of the immaturity of their reproductive tracts and the much higher rates of HIV/AIDS transmission from males to females.

Adolescent girls who are late developers may be more vulnerable to sexually transmitted infections (STIs) than younger, sexually precocious teens. Sexual maturity, rather than age at first sex, seems to be a critical factor. Adolescent girls, whose breasts were more developed, more sexually mature (older gynecological age), and who had infrequent menstrual cycles were significantly less likely to have any of the infections. Early mature girls, who start their periods before the age of 11 or 12, have high oestrogen levels and develop physically faster than late developers.

It is susceptive in some region in Brazil, India etc, marriage itself may be a vulnerable factor, and female who believe they are in monogamous relationships might be at risk of infection. In many regions, a double standard exists whereby men are often permitted, if not encouraged, to connect in sex outside the regular marriage or relationship while women are emphatically condemned for it. Young women in Asia, for example, are being infected in increasing numbers by their husbands, who engage in extramarital/commercial sex, yet these women have little power to insist on safer sex from their husbands. Further, their risk of HIV infection seriously increases when other STIs are present. This tendency is also visible in parts of America and Africa.

It is widely known that some older men who are regular client of sex industry, often seeking young girls or virgin girls, some time they offer huge money for this, so young girls are also trafficked for this. In many AIDS-affected countries, including Thailand, men are seeking younger and younger sex workers in the hope that they will be HIV-negative, but older men are presumed to be HIV negative, mostly in some of the worst affected countries in Africa.

This phenomenon, particularly in the poorest countries, often goes beyond the stereotypical man who is much older or much richer; it can involve anybody who has more economic power than a adolescent girl and has no scruples about exploiting such badly poor girls. Openly, the practice feeds on circumstances of poverty and economic dependency and puts adolescent girls at danger of infection from older men or those who have had many sexual partners and are more likely to be infected. Adolescent girls may be bound to engage in sex because they lack livelihood options or to help their families, to feed and provide better their charge. In several cases, this amounts to survival sex and occurs when diluted adolescent girls find no opportunity or economic alternatives.

A low level of understanding of the virus in Bangladesh by the population at large contributes to the tenuous situation. Education and information on HIV prevention, especially for adolescent boys and girls, is often limited and inaccessible. According to recent survey by Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation, 80% of those surveyed believe that adolescents need more information about HIV/AIDS. As a result of the lack of accessible and appropriate information, fear and stigma are common reactions surrounding the virus and infected persons.

Adolescents are at risk of HIV/AIDS infection from both injecting drug use and high-risk sexual activity. Use of illicit drugs is spreading rapidly among adolescents heightening their vulnerability for HIV transmission. Almost 80% of drug users are under 30, most of who do not take proper measures to decrease their risk of infection.

All over the world it also rising by anti social circumstance, such as sexual violence, rape, and child abuse, although it is happened quit natural, but laws fail to punish them in maximum time. Cause of previous experience other; time & cost for police case and child or girls sensitivity, risk bringing shame and stigma, their family think safe would be hidden real fact.

 

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